Indian long pepper is a plant. The fruit and root of the plant are used to make medicine. Indian long pepper is commonly used in combination with other herbs in Ayurvedic medicine and other types of traditional medicine. Indian long pepper is used for gastrointestinal problems, lung problems, arthritis, problems during menstruation, and many other conditions, but there is no scientific evidence to support these uses. Indian long pepper is also used to enhance how well the body absorbs other drugs. indian long pepper contains certain chemicals. These chemicals may be able to fight certain parasites that can infect people. They might also help to reduce inflammation (swelling) and kill cancer cells. One of these chemicals called piperine also seems to change the lining of the intestines. This change allows some drugs and other substances taken by mouth to be better absorbed by the body.